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Ventilator Project by MIT Supports the Patients Suffering from COVID-19

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Background & Need for Emergency Ventilator

Due to rising COVID-19, there is a deep need for ventilators. Thus, there is an alarming situation by Italian Physicians and the need for finding the perfect solution to a worldwide lack of ventilators. Only in the US, the shortage raised to the 300,000-700,000 units (CDC Pandemic Response Plans). The presence of ventilators on a national scale is essential within weeks, and certain areas already felt their absence. It’s very likely to see a reduction in the production of the traditional ventilator. Thus, it also results in a decrease in cost.   

 

Automation of Manual Resuscitator (Ambu-Bag) Ventilators 

Almost there is a manual resuscitator (Ambu-Bag) nearby every bed in a hospital. It is available for a quick response when needed or helps the healthcare workers when oxygenation is necessary by squeezing the bag. Thus, we are trying to automate this process as it’s the easiest way that proves the need for less- costly mechanical ventilation. And within no time, we can prepare it in a large number. However, to produce this vital machinery is not an insignificant attempt. 

The Golden Work of Teams in Emergency Situations

Ventilator
It’s not new to use a bag-valve-mask (BVM) in extremity situations. In 2010, a student team in the MIT class 2.75 Medical Device Design invented a transportable ventilator by using an Ambu-bag. But unfortunately, it couldn’t pass the prototype stage. Meanwhile, a team developed a low-cost one for the extremity supply. The team was from Stanford and also served developing countries. Its features are much similar to a unique ICU ventilator (One breath). But it would be “a second wave solution” as it requires 11 months to start its production in the US. Last year, two student teams revised the concept of Ambu-Bag. One group was from Rice University, while the other was a Boston-based team. The later team also once won the MIT Sloan’s Healthcare. Several organizations are working on the same phenomenon to win the challenge. 

Principal Research Question About Ventilator 

A team of MIT Engineers and American doctors released an emergency research project and answered the most related question. The question and the most probable answer below. 

By shifting a manual resuscitator to an automatically actuating machine, is it possible to cautiously ventilate a COVID-19 patient? 

However, the main aim of arising this question is to check the minimum requirement for cheaper system development. The results are based on the collective intellect of many USA doctors. They have designed it against given requirements, managed quick testing, reviewed the details, recapitulated, and supported the discussion. 

When Patients Require Respiratory Support?

Ventilator
In a critical care situation, it’s a short-term solution to use manual ventilation with an Ambu-bag. On a clinical basis, we can’t regard it as a source of safety for long-term use, like from days to weeks. 

However, there are different possible situations where patients require respiratory support:

  • Patients when asleep or awake
  • Tranquilized or paralyzed
  • Quick breathing
  • Removing of a vent

    Moreover, it may be a risk for the patient while changing clinical presentations with ARDS. As it needs shifting less ventilation (tidal volume x respiratory rate) to “lung-protective” strategies for things like auto-PEEF. Some of the scenarios are simpler than others when the shifting of a paralyzed or sedated patient is the need. Thus, in this situation, we use an emergency ventilator to free-up the conventional ones. 

    MIT is Helping the Doctors in Different Ways

    Only a clinical professional can utilize a solution in a healthcare setting with an accurate monitoring strategy. However, it can’t replace the value of an FDA-approved ICU ventilator. The MIT E-Vent is an advantage for others in helping to free-up the present supply. Or also when there is no option left in life-or-death situations. MIT E-Vent is efficient and famous due to its high functionality, flexibility, and clinical effectiveness.

    To Manufacture Ventilator, Must Consider These Facts

    Furthermore, any cheap system of it requires excellent care by including several factors like:

    • Doctors must have the ability to control and keep an eye on tidal volume.
    • Inspiratory pressure.
    • BPM and 1/E ratio.
    • Also require additional support as PEEP, PIP monitoring, filtration, and acclimatization to sole patient parameters.

    MIT E-Vent recognized and showed these factors to the public. So, anyone who wants to manufacture a cheaper and lower-cost ventilator must consider the factors mentioned above. If ignored, it may lead to severe injury and even death of the patient. 

    Open Source Design

    Ventilator
    As in an open-source fashion, MIT E-Vent soon would release and update four sets of material in the present time.

    • Lesser safe ventilator performance based on clinical guidance
    • Reference hardware design to meet less clinical requirements
    • Reference control plans and electronics designs and supporting insights
    • Results from testing in animal models

      Helping Material to Manufacture A Ventilator 

      This material would help those who have the ability and interest in manufacturing ventilator. These points are like a tool to ensure patient safety as it’s the priority. Thus, clinicians who go through this site can give input, skill, and also report their efforts of helping the patients.   

      As we know that, in every research-related work or an advanced task, there are always many difficulties. Thus, the main aim of this site is to provide enough information to “close the loop” and also welcome feedback. For public awareness, they would share some of the most related information in the discussion forum.

      They are asking for anyone who shows interest and welcoming them to follow this work.

      Across the nation, MIT is asking to work together even from your home. This situation right now enables us to solve the problem through experiments in online / distance education. So, come and grow together. 

      Support to Recover Patients from COVID-19

      Many people are working hard day and night while helping the patients of CoVID-19. So, if you have enough courage to help them, MIT is here who considers your donations. You can also donate your funds to an organization or your society. Besides, we also encourage you to support your neighbors by helping them.  


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      Rida Nasir does content writing mostly for websites and blogs. She knows how to connect the dots within the given content. She's expert in switching the writing niches to different topics to think outside the box. She focuses on high-quality content by adapting crucial SEO basics.

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